Taxis are an important component of transportation systems throughout the world. In Europe, with relatively high levels of vehicle ownership private and highly developed public transport, the taxi industry employs more than one million people, a figure that represents 8% of jobs in the European transport sector.
The fact of taking a taxi can, in some cases, reduce important risks, between the most outstanding, driving under the influence of alcohol and bringing people young people home without incident at night. But research shows that, In general, taxi transport carries as much risk as the use of a vehicle private. Buses, for example, are better regulated and safer.
The sector is formed, in large part, by autonomous drivers who own their own company, who work long hours, to obtain a financial reward relatively modest without taking personal risks nothing insignificant.
It is said that the Driving a taxi is one of the least rewarded jobs of our day. The nature of the business, with a high degree of self-employment, implies that the control is a significant challenge The increase of Internet taxi platforms such as Uber, Lyft and Hailo also asks questions how in how can security be guaranteed of vehicles, their drivers and passengers are more urgent than ever.
There must be measures that are mentioned before by the driver.
As a general rule, no driver should be required to drive from continued for more than 2 hours without a break of at least 15 minutes Drivers’ companies are subject to clear requirements under of the Regulation of the EU (EC) 561/2006 concerning the driving time of its workers. By virtue of this regulation, the periods of driving and rest, and compliance with these rules must be monitored regularly through digital tachygraphy. However, this legislation is not applicable to taxi drivers.
The same principles included in this legislation should also apply to taxi drivers, namely: “Transport companies will not remunerate the salaried drivers or those who are at your service, even by concession of premiums or salary increases, depending on the distances traveled or the volume of the goods transported, if such remunerations were of such nature that could compromise road safety and / or promote infractions of the provisions of this Regulation “. This principle should apply also to all taxi drivers, whether workers on account outsiders or self-employed There is a perception that taxi drivers work long hours to collect as many customers as they can. Taxi companies should be obliged to apply and enforce limits internally in terms of hours of driving, also with daily, weekly and monthly limits for all types of driver. Before starting the races should be planned breaks and places to carry them out.
One study indicated that the accident rate in the taxi sector was higher than theOf other vehicles, but that those accidents were less likely to be fatal.
Interestingly, wearing the seatbelt fastened at the time of sufferingan accident was not significantly important for the vast majority ofdrivers.
Safety belts are a very effective way to reduce deaths and injuries with lasting effects. According to EU Directive 2005/39, there is a legal obligation of wearing the seat belt fastened. However, there are exceptions for certain groups of users in certain circumstances, which can be established at the national level.
In many countries, taxi drivers are exempt from wearing a seat belt buttoned with the justification that they can quickly exit possible dangerous situations. These exceptions of fastening the seatbelt are in force in Austria (also for children who travel by taxi, if they are sitting in the back), Bulgaria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Spain (only in urban areas, along with passengers less than 135 cm tall sitting in the back and traveling in urban areas) Sweden and the United Kingdom. In Sweden, children from less than 3 years, and on short trips, who are sitting in the back seat and children over 3 years of age and with a height of less than 135 cm, on routes shorts, are exempt from fastening the seat belt in the back seat. The same happens in the United Kingdom. The different governments should stop apply exceptions to buckle up for taxi drivers. In Germany, since October 2014, taxi drivers who do not wear a seatbelt they are fined.
With respect to speed:
at excessive speeds and not adequate is the main problem for road safety.
It is the main cause of traffic collisions, deaths and serious injuries. The companies have a clear responsibility to reduce the incentives that lead to excesses of speed and to raise awareness about the serious consequences that may result. In the case of autonomous taxi drivers, the licensing authorities have the responsibility to raise awareness about the dangerous consequences of driving over speed limits.
Taxi drivers are often under pressure to pick up passengers, or under pressure from the customer to reach their destination, which means that they are a group prone to exceed speed limits. In many cities, you can use the priority lanes for public transportation, which is an incentive not to run.
A thorough study related to the investigation of collisions related toOccupational accidents in the United Kingdom, found that along with bus drivers and emergency vehicles, taxi drivers suffer more collisions mainly caused by other road users. Its problem is, therefore, fundamentally the exposure to dangerous environments such ascongested urban areas, night driving and passenger transportation due.
Example: Gävle Taxi This Swedish taxi company has equipped its vehicle fleets with control systems of intelligent speed. Among the benefits listed, managers reported a better behavior of drivers in traffic and a fuel saving of 7%.
The distraction of the driver is considered a determining factor between 20 and 30% of the collisions.
There is a long list of distractions that impair the ability ofdriver to drive. Fleet management companies of taxis should identify andmanage all the distractions linked to driving at work and make surethat drivers reduce risks, fixing all loose objects, parking inthe shoulder to adjust the equipment or performing cleaning or personal care tasks.
With the advent of mobile applications, taxi drivers can receive requests forracing through their mobile phones, which can lead to distractions.Ideally, taxi drivers should receive information about their next customer with theminimum amount of distractions possible through a hands-free communication system free and not through a mobile phone in your hand, for example. Among these optionsGPS are included, which will take them directly to pick up a customer. They shouldavoid situations like those in the bottom image.
Ensuring the safety of passengers must be the highest priority for the driver and their lives, so when entering the car, you are guaranteed responsibilities regarding passenger safety.
drivers are responsible for ensuring the safety of their passengers. The need
to meet the requirement to pay attention to the safety of passengers must be
included specifically in the taxi license regime. To guarantee the safety of
passengers a number of different measures can be taken, including the choice of
a safe vehicle with important protection of the occupants. The training of taxi
drivers should also cover what passengers should be informed about their own
safety, such as the obligation to use safety belts. Taxi drivers must use safe
points to pick up and drop off to passengers, so they are not exposed to heavy
traffic when entering or leaving a taxi. The drivers must act in accordance
with traffic laws, but also in relation to Recommendations related to the main
risk factors mentioned,
such as speeding or driving under the use of drugs / alcohol. Some national taxi licensing authorities require training complementary first aid, as well as first aid kits.
The opinion of the passengers: a tool to increase security?The taxi passengers themselves can also take different measures to minimize theirown risks. The annex includes a checklist that covers differentpoints, for example, equipment verification, trip planning, including the choiceof the route and how and with whom to reserve. Security checks also differdepending on whether it is night or day. Passengers are now also increasinglyable to give their opinion through smartphone applications to companiesof taxi on driving and the behavior of its driver with the aim of improvingthe service and the information.
The German Association of Taxi Companies has created aworking group dedicated to improving and expanding these online opinion portals.
Seat belts and passenger safety systems for passengers According to EU legislation, all occupants of vehicles, including passengers of taxis, they should wear seat belts. Taxis should be equipped with seatbelts. It is also essential that the safety belts are in an optimal state so that they can be used, and not hidden behind the seats or cut. EU legislation and regulations on child safety to the safety belt stipulates that children under 1.35 m in height, or traveling In cars equipped with safety devices, they must use a device approved for its size. Older children can wear a seatbelt for adults. However, some EU Member States (eg Denmark, Poland, Ireland, and Germany) allow the exemption of this legislation for children when they travel in taxis. EU legislation states that, when children travel in taxis that they are not equipped with restraint systems, they should not occupy the front seat. The Exemptions also differ from one country to another.
Taxi fleet companies should make sure that they start up processes for the regular inspection and maintenance of all vehicles professionals, just as it is your responsibility to ensure that you are aware of the technical inspections at all times.For companies and for drivers
Self-employed, a preventive maintenance regime makes commercial sense interms to avoid higher costs if repairs are not carried out. As minimum, the maintenance programs recommended by the vehicle manufacturers, and more regular, daily orprior to the start of the driving shift, by the drivers.
Citizen insecurity is an issue that has all citizens in suspense, because there are constantly reports of cases in which more people are victims of it. And one of the things that worries are the taxis, this is why the Association for Citizen Security has provided a series of recommendations to Pandora Magazine in its edition 96 to try to travel as safely as possible and be well. Take note!
1. It is important to have the number of trusted taxi drivers, because we know all your data and these have been verified.
2. Even if you are on the street, always ask for the taxi service at home. Confirm that they give you the mobile number that will pick you up.
3. When the taxi arrives, verify that the number matches the number given to you at the company and check that the vehicle has the number on the door. (If more than one vehicle arrives, take the one assigned to you by the operator).
4. Tell the driver what your preferred route is or what the best option for you is.
5. For no reason, get into a taxi where the driver is accompanied.
6. On the route, never get distracted by talking on the phone or sending messages.
7. Before taking a taxi look at the paint, signage and stickers. (If you do not identify the logos, if it is in the process of being painted, if the plate is blurred … do not take it).
8. Do not allow the taxi driver to have cell phone conversations.
9. When getting into the taxi verify that the latches and handles of the moons are operational, if it is a van check that no one is hiding in the trunk with a blanket.
10. Put doors secure.
11. Report any anomaly in the service to the company.
12. Choose taxis that belong to companies or radio taxis. Always for those who have the phone number clearly visible.
13. Do not take taxis that stop or are parked when leaving banks, financial institutions or ATMs. * It is better to take a taxi that comes en route and does not know where we left.